Starlings and Myna

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Much like Rock Doves, European Starlings can be found throughout the county – particularly in urban core areas and along any street with many telephone poles. This has obviously not always been the case, in fact the first documented occurrences of this species are from March 1925 and then again a year later on 24 March 1926 (Grimes, 1943). Ten years went by before the second observation on 20 April 1936, and by 1938 they were fairly widespread in the Jacksonville area. They started gracing the Christmas Bird Count in 1950 and have been abundant on the annual count ever since.

Thankfully, the species is extremely uncommon-to-rare in most of our favored birding hotspots such as Huguenot Memorial Park, Little Talbot Island State Park, and Reddie Point Preserve, but you can almost certainly tally them on your way to any of those locations. Search the powerlines and intersections along Merrill Road, anywhere in Arlington, or urban streets throughout the downtown core of Jacksonville.

If you really want to see a “Starling spectacle”, it is worth checking out the corner of Gun Club Road and North Main Street Drive, next to Junior’s Seafood – they often congregate in numbers of several hundred birds and the cacophony is quite impressive.

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
There is one interesting report of Common Myna in Duval County from 3 May 2004. This bird was observed for many days bringing nesting material to a cavity in the parking lot of the Eckerd’s drug store off Atlantic Boulevard. It was apparently attempting to nest with European Starlings (Powell, personal communication, 2006). That area of town has/had exotic pet stores over decades, and this bird was most likely an escapee. It’s not surprising that the species has not been reported in the county since, and is not one that should ever be expected here.

Catbirds, Mockingbirds, and Thrashers

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Gray Catbird is a species that can be found year round, but is most abundant in September through April. In the summer months (June – August), they can be quite difficult to find even in suitable habitat. In 1968, many observers in Jacksonville noted several singing catbirds in May, a notable “first” for the county and harbinger of limited breeding in the coming years (Robertson, 1968). The second breeding record was reported by Peggy Powell on 10 August 1981 (Paul, 1981), and the third record in 1982 (Paul, 1982). Atherton and Atherton (1986) noted them again on the summer nesting report in 1985, and Rex Rowan noted them many years later nesting in Baldwin on 16 July 2000 (Paul & Paul, 2000).

In winter, you should be able to find them in most of the local birding hotspots where they’d be hard to miss. Areas like Reddie Point Preserve, Pumpkin Hill, Spanish Pond, Kingsley Plantation, and Seaton Creek Preserve would certainly produce them. They are certainly more common in winter now than Howell (1932) noted when he referred to them as “recorded in small numbers” throughout the Jacksonville and the State.

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum
Brown Thrashers are also year-round residents, but can be difficult to find in winter (particularly late December through January). Great places to search for them in any month include Blue Cypress Park, the Jacksonville Equestrian Center, Pumpkin Hill, Betz Tiger Point, and Sheffield Regional Park. In those difficult winter months the best two places to search would be the end of Pumpkin Hill Road at the entrance to Betz Tiger Point and along the back area (SW corner) of Blue Cypress Park near the pier parking lot area.

Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglattos
Northern Mockingbirds are extremely abundant throughout the county regardless of habitat. You should be able to find them in virtually any park or neighborhood, but if you somehow don’t see one just visit Huguenot Memorial Park on any day of the year.

Jays, Crows, and Lark

Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata
Blue Jay is an extremely common species throughout the county and a widespread breeder found in any season. They can be found at virtually any birding location or local park with the exception of perhaps Huguenot Memorial Park (where they can occur but are not reliable). Any trip to Fort George Island, Reddie Point Preserve, Pumpkin Hill SP, or Theodore Roosevelt Area should yield them. It is not commonly recognized that Blue Jays migrate in numbers through northeast Florida, but outings in late September or early October will certainly support the notion when their abundance is much higher than normal.

Florida Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma coerulescens
In 1932, Howell noted the distribution of this species occurring from the “mouth of the St. Johns River south” (p. 339). On 8 April 1931, a nest in Jacksonville Beach was raided for the eggs, which were collected and sent to a museum – appaling treatment of the species by today’s standards. Then in 1943, Grimes lamented that in the “past ten years we have lost the Florida jay” (one can’t help but wonder if the irony of stealing their eggs some twelve years prior occurred to him). He went on to describe a small population of six to eight pair along a narrow area of coastal scrub habitat, presumably along what is now known as Atlantic Beach (Grimes, 1943, p. 17). The exact date of their extirpation from the county then isn’t documented, but based on his notes it is sometime in 1940 or 1941. Perhaps collecting eggs and disruption their breeding a decade earlier wasn’t so wise.

There were a couple of reports in the 1970’s: one reported by Peggy Powell in Ponte Vedra Beach 6 April 1973  (Kale, 1973) and another by Bob Loftin who remarked that an individual at the University of North Florida on 27 April 1978 was the first seen in the county in six years (Kale, 1978). There are no known reports since.

American Crow  Corvus brachyrhynchos
American Crow occurs in the county in all seasons, but I believe this species is widely over-reported with the advent of eBird. The problem begins with eBird filters being set at a county level, which allows for American Crow to be listed as an expected species at locations where they are much less likely to occur. I would simply suggest that they are in fact a much less abundant species (compared to Fish Crow) in the county, and to exercise caution and some diligence when listening for them.

Fish Crow  Corvus ossifragus
Fish Crow is by far the predominant crow species in Duval County and the one you are most likely to encounter on the majority of your birding outings in the area. They are very abundant in all seasons, with their numbers concentrating up and down the St. Johns River and at the coastal locations. The earliest breeding record is known to be 1 May 1930 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994).

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
There are but a handful of reports of Horned Lark observations in Duval County. The first is of two birds recorded at what I believe is today Huguenot on 20 January 1968 (Stevenson, 1968). The second report is from Mayport where one was photographed from November 1972 through 3 February 1973 (Woolfenden, 1973). From 11-24 November 1973 Bob Loftin and Noel Wamer observed one at an indeterminate location (Stevenson, 1973), and the fourth report comes from 29 December 1974 at Huguenot Memorial Park (Hintermister). Stevenson (1975) noted five birds wintered at Huguenot Memorial Park 1974-75, and an immature was photographed there on 2 November 1980 (Atherton & Atherton, 1981).  The most recent report is of one calling over Huguenot Memorial Park on 23 October 1999 by Noel Wamer (Pranty, 2000).


While only six woodpecker species can be reliably seen in Duval County, on 21 February 2016 Roger Clark and I observed a record seven species of them when we recorded a pair of Hairy Woodpeckers at Branan Field Mitigation Park.

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus 
Red-headed Woodpeckers are both a migrant and year-round species in Duval County. For instance, during migration they can be observed on Fort George Island but they are certainly not resident there. During migration, some observations occur at places like Reddie Point Preserve, Kingsley Plantation on Fort George Island, or even Big Talbot Island State Park. In recent years, they can be seen regularly around the parking lot area at Reddie Point in September and October.

They are a also breeding species that was first documented as nesting on 6 September 1923 – a nest with young that late in the season (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). They have historically had a strong foothold throughout the Mandarin area of Jacksonville and stretching along San Jose Boulevard all the way to San Marco. They are also conspicuous in the Cecil Field Commerce Center on the westside of town and can be found at the Jacksonville Equestrian Center. On the southside, they are best found around the Jacksonville University campus and Pottsburg Creek. They are often gregarious nesters and are known to nest in trees or utility poles within mere yards of Merrill Road at the intersection of University Boulevard.

Historically they were reliable at Blue Cypress Park until about 2010 when they virtually disappeared. Since 2012, the most reliable spot to find them is in Boone Park in Jacksonville’s Riverside area. The park is roughly divided into two main sections, split by Herschel Street. Park near the end closest to St. Johns Avenue and Van Wert Avenue, and look for them among the many pine trees. If you make it to the tennis courts a couple blocks away, you’ve likely gone too far.

Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
Red-bellied Woodpeckers are our most abundant woodpecker and can be found in equal numbers throughout the year, and regardless of what section of the county you’re in. They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders and will undoubtedly be encountered while birding or hiking any of our local parks or locations. Grimes noted three broods from one pair as far back as 24 September 1938; he also noted seasonal nesting as early as 31 March in 1944 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994).

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers are non-breeding migrants and winter residents in Northeast Florida. They typically arrive in early October and remain through April, although they become increasingly difficult to find after March. They are best found in heavily wooded old growth forests and hammocks, so places like Theodore Roosevelt Preserve, Spanish Pond, Fort George Island, Reddie Point Preserve, Seaton Creek Preserve, and Cedar Point Preserve are all good locations to search for them. The oldest known report comes from 2 October 1942 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994) and Grimes noted perhaps the earliest fall arrival in county history on 30 August 1981 (Atherton & Atherton, 1982).

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens
Downy Woodpecker is our second-most abundant woodpecker, and like the Red-bellied they are frequent backyard visitors and can be found in most local parks. Listen for their distinct calls when out hiking any of the hotspots and you’ll be sure to find them. They are also a breeding species and have a consistent seasonal abundance year-round. Breeding records date back to 12 March 1926 when a pair was observed excavating a nest, and eggs collected on 12 April 1933 was noted as the earliest seasonal breeding in Florida at the time (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994).

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
Hairy Woodpecker is an extremely rare species in Duval County, but is often over-reported by casual observers. There are just a handful of well-vetted observations in recent decades and until June 2015, not a single known photograph of a Hairy Woodpecker existed in the county.

Howell (1932, p. 311) refers to a specimen taken from Jacksonville, but unfortunately there are no further details of the account; not even a date. However, Grimes collected eggs on several occasions dating back to at least 13 April 1931 and reported hatchlings on 15 May 1944 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). On 26 May 1968, five were reported and noted by Stevenson and Anderson (1994) as the highest summer count in the State. In addition to these breeding accounts, the species showed up on the Christmas Bird Count in 1930, ’31, ’32, ’36, ’44, ’49-’53, ’56-’58, ’60-’79, ’83-’86, ’90, and 2002.

On 24 Jan 2006, Noel Wamer observed one at close distance at his home and noted it was the first he’d seen here in several decades of birding (Wamer, personal communication, n.d.). Then on 19 Apr 2009, I was birding with Roger Clark at Imeson Industrial Park when one passed directly over his head; like Wamer’s report, it is worth noting that this was Clark’s “county lifer” of the species – also after several decades of living and birding in the county. I unfortunately did not see that individual, but on 12 April 2013, Marie and I studied one at close distance  at the Jacksonville Arboretum.

On 13 June 2015, Lane Booker did the near impossible – no, he didn’t photograph Sasquatch, but he did photograph a Hairy deep in the pine woods of Taye Brown Regional Park. On 21 Februrary 2016, Roger Clark and I recorded two at Branan Field Mitigation Park providing just the second verifiable record in the modern era. Shortly after reporting these two individuals on eBird, I heard from another local birder who saw two at Jacksonville Arboretum the same day! There are now at least three reports of the species there since 2011, suggesting the park is another remaining area they’re desperately clinging to.

While the species should absolutely be considered when in the field, you should also temper expectations, observe the bird very carefully, provide a detailed write-up, and please try to photograph it! Since they have apparently been extirpated as a breeding species decades ago, observations have plummeted and verifiable records are incredibly scarce.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis 
When I started birding in Jacksonville, there were only anecdotal reports and some speculation that this species occurred in Duval County within the Cary State Forest, which was unconfirmed but thought entirely possible – and likely. Red-cockaded Woodpeckers are historically known to occur in the Forest, but it is unknown (or at least unreported) that their range within the forest extends into the county (the majority of Cary SF consists of Nassau County). Today, this is also the only known remotely suitable habitat in Duval County to search for them.

Once I began researching this book, I was a little shocked to learn that the species was once a fairly reliable breeding species in the county dating back to at least the early decades of the 1900’s (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). They were present on the Christmas Bird Counts in 1930, ’31, ’32, ’36, ’49, and two were reported on the 1960 count. I haven’t come across any reports since 1960 and I suspect that they simply succumbed to habitat loss as Jacksonville’s urban sprawl continued to raze their habitat.

Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus
Oberholser (1918) documented an interesting story of a Black-backed Woodpecker specimen collected in what “Mr. J.D. Allen, of Mandan, North Dakota” described as Pablo Creek around 20 March 1875. The specimen was described as an adult male in pristine plumage, but was “dilapidated” during the mounting process. Oberholser noted that the specimen never left Mr. Allen’s possession and that his recollection of the circumstances around the capture of the bird was “perfectly clear and conclusive”. Stevenson and Anderson (1994) acknowledge this story but mention the specimen bore no label and has not been accepted as valid. Indeed, there are no accepted reports or records of the species in Florida’s history.

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus 
Northern Flicker is a species that has limited known breeding sites within Duval County and can be difficult to find during the summer. The first breeding record is from 21 July 1926 when Grimes located a nest with eggs (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). They are most often seen (or heard) beginning in October and are fairly regular through early spring. Known nesting areas include along the river and Arlington area, and places like Blue Cypress or Reddie Point Preserve can be excellent places to look for them. Fort George Island, Cedar Point Preserve, and Sheffield Park are also favorable.

Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus 
Pileated Woodpeckers are another abundant breeding species of woodpecker and relatively easy to find in all seasons at places like Hanna Park, Seaton Creek, Pumpkin Hill Preserve SP, Fort George Island, and especially Theodore Roosevelt Area. They can also be found in heavily wooded areas across the westside of the county.

Ivory-billed Woodpecker Campephilus principalis
Stevenson and Anderson (1994) note a winter report from Duval County but there are no details beyond that. I imagine there’s a specimen taken from the area laying in a drawer somewhere that provoked the footnote, and unfortunately there are no other reports in the literature covered for this text.


Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon
Belted Kingfishers are fairly common throughout the county from September through April, but almost completely disappear in May through mid-July. During those months when they are abundant, you can find them at the ponds at Hanna Park, Reddie Point Preserve, and the Jacksonville Equestrian Center. They are also easy to find all over Black Hammock Island, Cedar Point Preserve (boat ramp area), Huguenot Memorial Park, and on powerlines all up and down A1A from I-295/beltway to Nassau Sound.

Three extremely reliable places for them are on the way to Huguenot Memorial Park – in winter, there is usually at least one between the convenience store on Heckscher Drive and Brown’s Creek fish camp, another just path Ramoth Drive before you get to White Shell Bay fish camp, and as you pull into Huguenot there is invariably one on the powerlines near the pay station.

Belted Kingfisher. Big Talbot Island State Park, Spoonbill Pond. Jacksonville, Florida. 4 Sep 2017.

The species is a rare and localized breeder dating back to at least 1933-35, when Grimes found them to be nesting along a bluff on the St. Johns River. Indeed, four eggs were noted in the nest on 22 April 1934 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). Today, I don’t know of any confirmed breeding records or observed nests, but they are occasionally reported in the summer months, indicating they may still breed in the area.

I’ve always found Kingfishers to be a great species to observe in terms of behavior, and who doesn’t like that big, shaggy head on the little body? I have found them notoriously frustrating to try to photograph and haven’t been able to get a good picture of one yet.

Updated 27 Jan 2019. Photo by Kevin Dailey.


Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica 
Chimney Swifts are the only Swift that is known to have occurred in Duval County, with the oldest record noted as 23 June 1930. They arrive in early spring and are constant throughout the summer into early fall. A notable late date for them is 14 November 1958 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). You can find them virtually anywhere throughout the county and you’re certain to hear or see a few on any outing to a local park.

There is a spectacular phenomenon that occurs each fall as they start staging for their fall migration, and any local birdwatcher should take the time to go witness the spectacle at least once. What I’m referring to is the Chimney Swift roost at Riverside Avenue Christian Church at the corner of Riverside Avenue and Cherry Street. Since at least 1938, the swifts have been congregating at this location starting around the last week of September through the second week of October (Patterson, 2009). There can be as many as a few hundred to several thousand birds in the cluster, and it is amazing to see them enter the chimney right at dusk.


There isn’t a lot of information on this page about Storm-Petrels for a couple of reasons; first, there just aren’t that many reports or records from land, and second, you’d really need to get several miles offshore of Mayport to have a good chance of seeing them.

It seems like there is a natural “event” that pushes them close to shore or even up into the mouth of the St. Johns River every five or more years, but just for a couple of days. The last such event was in June 2012, where all three species of Storm-Petrels along with decent numbers of Great Shearwater could be seen from land – as far “up river” as the Mayport Ferry slips. These events usually coincide with a large amount of sargassum (sea weed) being pushed close to shore.

In any event, your best bets are looking from shore at Huguenot Memorial or Hanna Park, or even better – find a way to get on a boat and head out to sea. I used to take my Skiff 3-5 miles off shore fairly routinely throughout the year and have only once seen a Storm-Petrel during those excursions. My only other observations have been along the breaking waves at Huguenot.

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
Wilson’s Storm-Petrels are most abundant offshore in mid-May to early June. They can also be seen throughout September with some effort (i.e., from a boat offshore). The highest known count of the species is twenty-five observed by Roger Clark on 18 July 1971. Mark Dolan observed one at the mouth of the St. Johns River following Hurricane Erin in early August 1995 (Rowan, 1995). Clark noted another fourteen on 16 May 2006 several miles offshore, aboard the Mayport Princess. I suppose these numbers make Wilson’s the statistically “most abundant”of the Storm-Petrels based on a very small sample size…which should work in my favor since it’s the only one of the three I haven’t personally seen here!

Leach’s Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Leach’s Storm-Petrel are best found in late May offshore of Duval County. One of the aforementioned “events” occurred from 22 to 24 May 2009 when multiple observers reported them in the surf at Huguenot Memorial Park. I observed two from my boat along the Mayport jetties on 22 June 2012, which is also the most recent county report.

Leach’s Storm-Petrel. St. Johns River. Jacksonville, Florida. 22 June 2012

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel  Oceanodroma castro
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel are also most abundant in mid-May through June, with scattered reports in the fall. The earliest documented report is from one 102 miles east of Jacksonville on 1 May 1984 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). One was observed along with the Leach’s at Huguenot from 22 to 24 May 2009, and I saw six along a one mile stretch of river on 22 June 2012, the same day I recorded the two Leach’s noted above.


Wood Stork Mycteria americana

Wood Stork. 25 Aug 2017.

The earliest documented occurrence of Wood Stork in Duval County is from 9 April 1930 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994), but these prehistoric looking birds have undoubtedly been around a much much longer than that. Today they are fairly common in the right habitat and can be found year round in the county. Your best bet is to stay in the eastern / coastal part of the county, where you can look for them in roadside retention ponds or even on some golf courses. I can virtually guarantee you will see them at or around the Jacksonville Zoo, where there is a naturally occurring, significant breeding colony each year beginning in March.

Wood Stork colony. Jacksonville Zoo. 2008.

Another great place to check for them is the marshes along Heckscher Drive, at Alimacani Boat Ramp, and around Huguenot Memorial Park.
If you’ve never been to see the Zoo’s colony of breeding Wood Stork, it should be on your “must” list for things to do in Jacksonville. It is a wonderful experience and is really one of our local lesser-known treasures. The best time to go is anytime between March and May, where you will have a great chance of seeing hatchlings and immature birds. Although you won’t need them, bring your binoculars with you for better views (entrance fee required). The colony is in the Africa loop, and can be easily viewed on multiple sides from the elevated boardwalk…putting many nests at eye level or below.

This species’ breeding status in Duval County is a relatively recent event; in 1943, Grimes indicated there were no known breeding colonies in the county up to that date, but they were breeding within five miles of the county line in St. Johns County just to the south. Another known breeding area was in the cypress domes at Pumpkin Hill Preserve State Park, but that colony has been gone since at least 2003 when the area dried up. There was also a colony on the Dee Dot Ranch just south of J Turner Butler Boulevard, but the land owners are not cooperative in allowing any agency to come onsite to monitor it. For awhile, FWC at least confirmed continued existence via aerial photography, but I believe that practice dried up like the swamps of Pumpkin Hill.

Last updated 25 Jan 2019.

Skuas and Jaegers

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
South Polar Skua is an extremely rare bird anywhere in the state of Florida, and on 19 June 2006 Roger Clark provided one of the first photo-documented records 10 miles offshore of Mayport in Duval County. This is the only county record.

Pomarine Jaeger Steracorarius pomarinus
Howell (1932, p. 253) cited W. T. Helmuth’s observation of eight to ten Pomarine and “about five Parasitic Jaegers” in Mayport on 9 April 1918, providing perhaps the earliest records of each species. Pomarine Jaegers are less abundant than Parasitic, and are less often or less likely to be seen from shore. The best time to try to scan for them is from mid-November through about mid-February, although there are scattered reports throughout the spring into May.

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
The first report of Parasitic Jaeger comes from A.C. Bent, who noted one “off Jacksonville April 9 [1903]”, then Helmuth reported five at Mayport on 9 April 1918 (Howell, 1932, p. 253). Today, I’d say Parasitic Jaegers are roughly four to five times more abundant than Pomarines offshore Duval County, and is the more likely species to see during a seawatch. Look for them from early November through about May. If you can get even a mile off shore in a small skiff you are much more likely to encounter them. My favorite places to scan for jaegers is from Huguenot Memorial Park and Little Talbot Island State Park. Noel Wamer had great success observing jaegers each winter during morning seawatches from the end of 16th Ave S in Jacksonville Beach.

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus
The earliest known report of Long-tailed Jaeger comes from Howell (1932, p. 254), who noted “numbers in February off the mouth of the St. Johns River” by Wayne in 1910. The next report I can find comes 90 years later from Noel Wamer, who observed one following Hurricane Gordon in 2000 at the 16th Ave S location. In addition to the aforementioned South Polar Skua, Clark noted a single bird on his pelagic trip of 19 June 2006. Two years later on 23 August 2008, Clark observed another one flying up the Fort George Inlet following Tropical Storm Fay. Most recently, Patrick Leary recorded one just over the breakers at Little Talbot Island SP on 5 November 2016.


Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus
From 2003 to 2008, there was a sizeable Monk Parakeet colony on Black Hammock Island that thrived and persisted along the northern edge of the island. The story varies, but as best I can tell, a resident there sold the species at a flea market pet shop and one day they either escaped or she turned them loose. They built dozens of nests over the years, many within the vicinity of the home, but some were a mile or two away on the other side of the island. I used to check for them at least twice a year and in 2008 they became more difficult to find. I don’t know of any reports since 2009.

In 2006, I was told that there was one Monk nest in downtown Jacksonville “20 or more years ago”, but it didn’t last long (P. Powell, personal communication, 2006).

Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis (extinct)
Grimes noted that according to reports of long-term residents in Jacksonville, Carolina Paroquets [sic] were “formerly a common bird” (Grimes, 1945, p.24). In fact, he interviewed a Mandarin resident who had lived in the area since 1870 and who said that the species came in large numbers to his farm and orchard to feed on “sandspurs that grew in profusion” on the property. That resident, Mr. Hood, informed Grimes that they were no longer seen sometime in the early 1890’s.

Nanday Parakeet Aratinga nenday
There is one report of nine Black-hooded Parakeets in south Jacksonville from 27 January – 3 February 1989 (Ogden, 1989). No further details are available.

Red-crowned Parrot Amazona viridigenalis
One report of Red-crowned Parrot comes from 29 Dec 1990 during the year’s Christmas Bird Count. Assuming the bird was identified correctly, it was undoubtedly an escapee.

Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
There are some old reports that Budgerigars bred in Duval County in 1977 and previous, but I’ve been unable to find further detail as to specific timeframe, observers, or location. What is known is that Virge Markgraf noted that they seemed to appear each spring and summer at feeders, and for several years they increased in number (Kale, 1977). They were also documented in the county during the Breeding Bird Atlas from 1986-1991 (Pranty, 2001).

There have still been scattered reports of Budgerigar over the years, but all are undoubtedly single escapees. There are no known persistent colonies or breeding in the ‘wild’ in Duval County.