American Pipit Anthus rubescens
American Pipits occur each winter and can be found with some effort from mid-December through about the middle of January; some may arrive as early as the last week of November and depart as late as early March, but they are difficult to find in those seasonal extremes and should not be expected. This is perhaps a slight change from 1881, when Maynard reported them as “exceedingly abundant” around Jacksonville (Howell, 1932, p. 370).

The most reliable place for them is Sheffield Regional Park off New Berlin Road, where they work the fields near the fishing dock and the athletic fields towards the back of the park. They can also be found on Black Hammock Island in some of the pastures, or even at Huguenot Memorial Park along the edges of the dunes and wrack lines. On the westside of town, they favor the outfield areas of the softball diamonds at Ringhaver Park and the open fields at Taye Brown Regional Park.

Sprague’s Pipit Anthus spragueii
I have not been able to find any records of Sprague’s Pipit in Duval County, but I leave this species on the list because it is very possible to have one show up eventually. Birders should remain vigilant and look for this species in winter.


Brown Creeper Certhia americana
Brown Creeper is a very rare winter visitor in the Jacksonville area, with reported observations occurring once every three to four years. They appear on a variety of Christmas Bird Counts over the years, such as three in 1965, spanning two count parties (Cruickshank, 1966). Subsequent CBCs include one on 26 December 1966, six on 27 December 1970, and one each in ’71, ’73, ’77, and ’78.

In 1971, Grimes remarked that Brown Creepers were normally scarce but their “numbers were up” in Jacksonville that winter (Stevenson, 1971). Unfortunately no further details are available in terms of date, numbers, or locations. On 28 December 1985, Clark found one on Black Hammock Island during the CBC, and then on 8 Jan 2007 he recorded one on Fort George Island very near Kingsley Plantation.

The only Brown Creeper I’ve seen in Jacksonville was on 9 January 2011 while birding the dense woods behind Jacksonville University (JU) with Dylan Beyer. We were walking along the long paved driveway leading from University Boulevard to the Alumni House, when we noticed the bird on a thick, girthy live oak. We watched it for a few minutes, made a few phone calls, and a couple others headed over to see it. The university’s campus can be quite tricky to navigate, and both Pat Murphy and my wife Marie made wrongs turns heading in; Pat arrived in time to see the bird, but Marie missed it by literally three minutes before it disappeared to the south. That whole area at JU has since been razed for student housing, which is unfortunate since it hosted breeding Northern Flicker, Hooded Warbler, and many other species.

Late December and into mid-January would be perhaps the best time to search for Brown Creeper in dense old growth oak hammocks. The best locations to seek them would be Fort George Island, Theodore Roosevelt area, and Cedar Point Preserve, which all have suitable habitat for them along the trails.

Those not as experienced with Creepers should keep in mind that they creep up a tree, then fly down to the base before climbing back up…if you see a small bird crawling down a trunk or flitting around underneath a limb, it is more likely a Black-and-white Warbler or Kinglet.


Sandhill Crane  Grus canadensis
Sandhill Cranes are rare to very uncommon in Duval County, with most observations occurring in the western part of the county. You can see them with some degree of effort, but it may take several tries and may require checking various locations.

Although they have only shown up on the Christmas Bird Count once (a count of five in 1997), they have been reported almost annually for the last couple of decades along the I-10 corridor between Marietta and Baldwin. They were also often seen at the old Mecklenburg Dairy Farm off Beaver Street.

Since 2011, they can be found in small numbers around the New World Avenue and Cecil Commerce Center area, but observations are usually limited to a few individuals. In 2013, the county’s first verified breeding record was established in this general area, and two pair have fledged colts successfully each year since.

Sandhill Cranes. First breeding record in Duval County. 4 July 2013.

Look for them foraging in the wet field at the corner of New World Avenue and Waterworks Street, or on the lawn behind the fenced area directly in front of the Bridgestone building on New World Avenue.

In February 2016, I observed one fly over J. Turner Butler Boulevard at the San Pablo Road exit. The bird was flying low from the direct of Dee Dot Ranch to the south and appeared to be heading for a landing on the wooded portion of Mayo Clinic’s southern border. Dee Dot Ranch is largely undeveloped and has historically hosted wading bird rookeries; it would not be unreasonable to assume this Crane was part of a breeding pair somewhere in Dee Dot’s wooded swamp.

On 4 May 2017, Becky Loyacano recorded the county’s second breeding pair at Baymeadows Regional Park in Jacksonville’s southside, which is actually darn close to the western edge of Dee Dot Ranch, thus supporting my theory of cranes nesting throughout that heavily wooded property.


Limpkin Aramus guarauna
Limpkins are extremely localized in Duval County, and there is currently only one known and reliable location for them. They were first documented as a breeding species in the county during the Breeding Bird Atlas I from 1986 through 1991, and then sort of fell off the local birding radar for a couple of decades. Then in the spring of 2009, one was reported at Westside Industrial Park (WIP) and several birders raced over there to confirm and notch their “county lifer”. I can remember that experience – showing up with my wife Marie, Roger Clark, and Dylan Beyer, and searching for a couple hours before finally hearing (and eventually seeing) one. They’ve been reliable there ever since and have steadily grown in number. In 2014 and 2015 breeding was confirmed there and their numbers fluctuate between roughly four and twenty individuals on a given visit.

Limpkin. 24 Nov 2017.

Due to the extreme localization of this species in the county, please exercise the strictest ethical birding practices when looking for them. Playing a recording to entice them to call back or show is very much discouraged, and simply isn’t necessary. The group at this location is often quite gregarious and can be found with little effort.

Westside Industrial Park is not too far off Pritchard Road from the I-295 exit in western Duval County. There are many ponds in the industrial park and you can usually spot them along the edges; drive slowly and you should have good luck, particularly on Jesse B. Smith Court.

In the summer of 2012, at least one was recorded at the Florida State College campus off Beach Boulevard and remained for several months; it has not been reported from the location since. In 2018, a non-birder mentioned they occurred in Huntington Park Forest in the general “Baymeadows” area of town, a location that roughly aligns with the aforementioned breeding records in 1986. A handful have been verified there over several months, suggesting another fairly stable localized population in the county.

Sporadic observations come from other ponds around town but are intermittent in nature; I haven’t analyzed the data, but there may be a correlation between these “one off” dates that could suggest post-breeding dispersal.

Updated 27 Jan 2019. Photo by K. Dailey.

Herons, Ibis, and Allies

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
Historically, American Bitterns were known to be “fairly common winter residents”, and there are a couple reports of them being flushed in May and June, indicating a slim possibility they could breed in the county (Grimes, 1943). They are very secretive and thus often very difficult to find; it took me many years of birding in the county before seeing one. They are here throughout the winter season and can be found in the early spring months as well. Two of the more reliable locations are at Sheffield Park and Spanish Pond.

At Sheffield Park, your best bet will be to try shortly after dawn; park at the lot near the little fishing dock by the large pond as you come in (there’s a couple picnic pavilions there). There are many cattails along the edge and you should approach slowly and quietly since they flush rather easily. The reason I suggest first thing in the morning is because as soon as the first fisherman arrives, your chances of seeing this bird is almost zero. At Spanish Pond, there is also a very short trail with a small observation area at the end of the wooden boardwalk leading from the parking lot. Scan from there and along the trail and you may have some luck. Hanna Park also has quite a bit of suitable habitat, although I don’t recall ever seeing one there myself. In 2015-16, one was seen fairly regularly along the edge of the large pond at Taye Brown Regional Park and another at the corner of Waterworks Street off New World Avenue.

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Least Bittern arrive sometime in early spring and breed in the county during the spring and summer seasons. Grimes (1943, p. 12) noted a breeding pair in Jacksonville Beach as early in the season as 9 April 1933, and another as late as 12 August 1932.

Hanna Park has at least one every year; it’s found along the dense reeds and vegetation near the paddleboat rental on the large pond. Another pair used to be in the small pond behind Safe Harbor seafood in Mayport (restricted access). In spring 2015, I found a pair at the small pond at Imeson Center where as many as five occurred by the end of the season. Otherwise, you can have some success (with a little luck) if you just persistently canvass suitable habitat in spring and summer.

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias 
Great Blue Herons are an abundant breeding species and can be found year round in any part of the county. It would be more surprising if you didn’t see one while you’re out birding. It’s worth mentioning that Huguenot Memorial Park sometimes has a “white form” show up; most recently one was recorded the last week of June 2014 there. Grimes (1943, p.64) described a Great White Heron rescued off what is now Heckscher Drive in August 1932 and subsequently lived out its days at the Jacksonville Zoo. Other records of “Great Whites” include 12 June 1970, 11-25 November 1978 (Edscorn, 1979), 12 May 1985 (Kale, 1985), and 21 June-3 July 1985 (Paul, 1985).

Great Egret Ardea alba
Like the Great Blue Herons, Great Egrets are extremely common in Duval County and you almost cannot avoid seeing them anywhere you go. They are indeed a breeding species, noted as far back as 1931, where Sam Grimes located a colony containing upwards of 125 nests in the northeastern part of the county (Howell, 1932, p. 100).

Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Snowy Egret are also abundant in all seasons and are hard to miss. They are guaranteed at places like Huguenot Memorial Park and M&M Dairy year round. Much like the Great Egret, this species was a known breeder on Black Hammock Island as early as 1931 (Howell, 1932, p. 102).

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Little Blue Herons are relatively common and can be found throughout the county. I see them virtually every day along the marshes and roadside ponds up and down Heckscher Drive. They are also regular at M&M Dairy, Blue Cypress Park, and Reddie Point Preserve. In May and June, immature birds are most common and you’ll often see the mottled white and blue/dark patterns flying overhead with small groups of waders.

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Tricolored Herons are fairly common and should be found in suitable habitat any time of year. They can often be seen flying back and forth over the river or marshes; the dock at Reddie Point Preserve is a good vantage point, as is the fishing dock at Sisters Creek Marina.

Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens 
Reddish Egret are almost year round, although they are very uncommon in the winter. Wintering birds are most often reported from Huguenot Memorial Park or the south end of Little Talbot Island. In spring and summer, there can be as many as eight individuals throughout Huguenot. Records of white morphs are almost annual.

The earliest documented record of this species comes from 28 October 1875, when a specimen was collected at what is now Huguenot Memorial Park and sent to the Cincinnati Society of Natural History for their collection (Grimes, 1943). Another ancient specimen came from 27 June 1884.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
It is difficult today to imagine that this species is still a relatively recently established one, and  the earliest arrival date in Duval County is unknown. However, in 1966 Grimes noted a count of 386 Cattle Egrets and indicated they were the most abundant heron in the area for the previous three to four years (Cunningham, 1966). They first appeared on the CBC in 1958, then again in 1964; they did not become regular on the annual count until 1972.

Cattle Egret are still abundant in fields, pastures, and medians along most of our highways. M&M Dairy or the Lem Turner spray fields are your best bets if you absolutely need to see one.

Green Heron Butorides virescens
Green Herons are year-round residents but can be difficult to find in the winter months. There is usually a couple hanging around the three ponds at Reddie Point Preserve or along the paved loop trail at Blue Cypress Park. In summer they can be found around the entrance to Huguenot Memorial Park more often than not.

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Duval County is one of the oldest known extant breeding areas for Black-crowned Night-Herons in the state, with records going back a hundred years. Today they are rather easily located year round with the right plan. The “best” spot is the large pond at the entrance to Reddie Point Preserve; they are almost always roosting in the trees on the far side of that pond. There is a decent sized nesting colony at the Jacksonville Zoo, and there is another nesting spot adjacent to Blue Cypress Park and the Arlington Lions Club public boat ramp. There is almost always some hanging around there.

Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea
Yellow-crowned Night Herons are much less common and can be missed more often than found. They are particularly difficult to find in the winter, and it’s usually March or April before you see them moving around more. Good places to check are around the river parking lot at Blue Cypress Park, behind the Ribault Club on Fort George Island, and along Heritage River Road leading up to Carlucci Boat Ramp (off Heckscher Drive). They are known to nest in small colonies here “in the larger inland swamps” and salt marshes (Grimes, 1943).

White Ibis Eudocimus albus
Perhaps the earliest known breeding report of White Ibis is from 19 April 1931 when Grimes documented a colony of them (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994). They were noted as abundant in 1943 when he recorded as many as 1,000 occupied nests in the Durbin Creek colony (Grimes, 1943).

Today they can still be found throughout the area at any time of year. If you are really looking for them you can’t go wrong at M&M Dairy, Blue Cypress Park, Hanna Park, or the Lem Turner spray fields.

Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber
Anderson (2004) cited a “pink ibis” reported on 1 February 2004 by Charlene Green and others, suggesting an apparent White x Scarlet Ibis hybrid.

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi
This species should not be expected in the area, but in the spring of 2010 we learned a valuable lesson to never discount the possibility. That spring, a juvenile showed up with several Glossy Ibis at M&M Dairy in March and really exhibited no obvious signs of its true identity. As it stuck around for weeks, it started to show the relevant field marks and was eventually fairly well-documented as a White-faced Ibis. In the spring of 2014, I located another individual among the Glossy Ibis that I believe to have been a White-faced, but unfortunately it didn’t linger long enough to confirm.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
The earliest record of the species comes from an unknown date in 1877 (Stevenson & Anderson, 1994); more definitive dates are later noted as 23 May 1964 and on 15 November 1967, Grimes noted four off Sawpit Road as a “notable northerly record” (Robertson and Ogden, 1968). Glossy Ibis is a species that is becoming more frequent but still rather localized in Duval County. They have pretty much always been recorded annually the last twenty years or so, but seem to becoming more reliable in certain locales. They are hit-or-miss a couple times per year along the St. Johns River and Huguenot Memorial Park, most often in August and in the morning.

They are more reliable at the old Mecklenburg Dairy Farm (restricted access) on the westside and at M&M Dairy in northern Jacksonville. They can also be found occasionally at the Lem Turner Road spray fields and have been recorded at Blue Cypress park in Arlington.

Since 2010, M&M Dairy has been the spot from spring through early summer. In April and May, it is more likely than not that you’ll find anywhere from 5 to 30 individuals. They are almost exclusively restricted to the corner of the field by New Berlin road and Port Jacksonville Parkway. Park in the lot and walk back to the corner and you can easily scope from the sidewalk.

Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Roseate Spoonbills are interesting in that they are seemingly expanding their range significantly. They were once very uncommon and generated a lot of excitement in Duval County; now they are abundant in summer and occasional in winter. An early notable observation comes from 8-15 May 1966 where Grady Holbert reported a single bird at Mayport (Cunningham, 1966). The species did not occur on the annual CBC until 1998, but in recent years they are almost expected on the annual count.

Winter records are most often from the area around Helen Floyd Cooper Park, Cedar Point Preserve, and the marshes adjacent to Big Talbot Island State Park. In summer, they can be found all along the St. Johns River, especially in areas of tidal marsh. It is easy and makes for a pleasant time to park off Heckscher Drive at White Shell Bay during low tide to watch them forage (often in the company of Black-necked Stilts and American White Pelican).

American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Stevenson and Anderson (1994) note an unverified sight report of one flamingo at Mayport on 23 May 1964. The species is not expected to occur at any time in the region.

Cormorants, Anhingas, and Pelicans


Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
There are no records of Neotropic Cormorant in Duval County.

Double-crested Cormorant  Phalacrocorax auritus
Double-crested Cormorants are around all year, but are most abundant in the winter where they can be found in retention ponds virtually throughout the county; they are also heavily concentrated around the coast. In summer, they become relatively scarce but can still be found along the coast rather easily at places like Hanna Park, Little Talbot Island State Park and Huguenot Memorial Park.

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
There are a handful of reports of Great Cormorant in the county, beginning with one observed on 31 March 1974 by Joyce Williams off Jacksonville Beach (Stevenson, 1974). Bryan Obst reported the next one at Mayport on 30 October and 24 November 1977, which was presumably the same individual (Edscorn, 1978). The third report came from Huguenot Memorial Park on 15 February 1981 (Stevenson, 1981), followed by a specimen collected by Bob Loftin at Mayport on 30 March 1983 (Kale, 1983).

On 8 February 1999 Clark noted one on the south jetties as he was heading out on a pelagic trip aboard the Mayport Princess, and a few years later Bob Richter reported an immature from 24-29 December 2001 and another the following winter on 28 December 2002 from Huguenot (Anderson, 2002 & 2003). I’ll also note that in February and March 2006, one lingered in the Doctors Lake area of nearby Clay County. The collection of these observations over four decades in the region suggest the best time of year to look for Great Cormorant may be February.

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
In 1943, Grimes noted the “Water Turkey” as being a summer resident, arriving as early as 10 March 1935 and breeding in areas of Dunns Creek, Pablo Creek, and Clearwater Lake (Grimes, 1943, p. 62). Since that time, Anhinga has become a fairly common year-round resident throughout the county. If you’re birding in Jacksonville, you will almost certainly see at least one, especially at places like Westside Industrial Park, Perdue Pond Wildlife Area, Spanish Pond, Hanna Park, or Reddie Point Preserve where they can be found along the pond as soon as you drive onto the property.

American White Pelican  Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 
Reports of American White Pelican date back to at least 1868 when George Boardman noted them in large numbers throughout the winter (Grimes, 1943, p. 34). They are still an uncommon winter species, but can also be found throughout the summer in smaller numbers – a phenomenon perhaps first noted in 1996 (Paul & Schnapf, 1996). In terms of numbers, Wamer and Pranty (1996) noted a flock of 50 as a “locally high number” on 19 September 1995; it is now not uncommon to see as many as 100 or more in winter.

They seem to favor the marshes of the Timucuan Preserve north of Heckscher Drive and along the Intracoastal Waterway north to Nassau Sound. Look for them on either side of Heckscher Drive at the area of White Shell Bay, particularly at low tide. Other good areas to check for them are along Pumpkin Hill Creek, the fishing dock at Betz Tiger Point, or Spoonbill Pond at the northern limit of the county on A1A (across from the Big Talbot Island boat ramp).

Brown Pelican  Pelecanus occidentalis
Brown Pelicans are much more abundant than American White Pelicans and can be found along the coast or up the St. Johns River on just about any day of the year. Like cormorants, they tend to thin out in summer months and are fairly abundant by mid-October along the coast. While they are almost obnoxiously gregarious around docks and piers, they can be one of the more skittish species along the jetties at Huguenot Memorial Park. If you attempt to approach loafing gulls in fall or winter there to scope for something like a Franklin’s Gull, be wary of approaching too quickly as the Pelicans will be the first to flush!

Summary of the Spring Season – 2014

Summary of the Spring Season

1 Mar – 31 May 2014

Baker, Clay, Duval, Flagler, Nassau, Putnam & St. Johns Counties

Sight-only observations are considered “reports”. Those supported by verifiable evidence (photographs, video or audio recordings, or specimens) are called “records.” A county designation (in italics) accompanies the first-time listing of each site in this report.

Black-bellied Whistling Ducks have become more abundant in the area in recent years, but most observations still start occurring each year in April and May. This year, at least 3 were recorded at Fleming Island (Clay) on 24 May, and several were reported in the GTM NERR (St. Johns) 12-16 April. A group of up to 60 was reliable at Ocean Groves Condominiums (St. Johns) from 10 April through the end of the season. In Duval County, they were recorded at both Purdue Road pond and the Lem Turner spray fields intermittently throughout the season.

On 21 May, perhaps the season’s most significant observation was reported in the form of 8 Fulvous Whistling-Ducks at M&M Dairy (Duval), marking the first county record in 38 years. Previous known records were of migrating flocks along the ocean, so the fact that these remained for 5 days allowing for prolonged observations was an extra treat.

Other notable waterfowl included up to 400 Northern Shovelers as late as 20 April at a restricted access area in Jacksonville (Duval). At Flagler Hospital (St. Johns) a Redhead was recorded on 24 March, and a single Ring-necked Duck remained at Huguenot Memorial Park (Duval) from 15-18 May.

It was a good season for sea ducks, with a female Common Eider recorded at Huguenot from 15-18 May, 10 Surf Scoters and 18 White-winged Scoters remaining at Salt Run (St. Johns) through 10 March, and a single Long-tailed Duck observed at Salt Run on 2 March (continuing bird from the previous season). For the second year in a row, a small group of Black Scoters remained at Huguenot through the end of the spring season.

In late May, weather conditions favored pelagic birding from shore and Sooty Shearwaters were reported from the St. Augustine Pier (St. Johns) on 20 May and from Little Talbot Island State Park (Duval) on 27 May.

Rare in northeast Florida in any season, Magnificent Frigatebirds made two appearances; one at Fort Clinch State Park on 7 May and another at Washington Oaks State Park (Flagler) on 22 May.

Glossy Ibis may be becoming more reliable in Duval County, at least at M&M Dairy where up to 22 were recorded on 8 April and smaller numbers remained throughout the season.

A single Broad-winged Hawk was reported from Hastings (St. Johns) on 3 April along with a Short-tailed Hawk. Short-tailed Hawk was also reported from Flagler County on 30 March. Swainson’s Hawk was reported in Hastings on 23 March (light morph) and again from Bartram Fields (St. Johns) on 25 March.

Limpkins have continued their very localized presence at Westside Industrial Park (Duval) and a single bird was reported in Flagler at Lehigh Trail on 29 March.

The second modern breeding record of Sandhill Cranes in Duval County occurred along New World Avenue on 23 March, where 2 adults and 1 colt were observed.

A latish Purple Sandpiper was reported from Huguenot Memorial Park on 2 March. A rather unexpected American Woodcock was reported from Kingsley Plantation (Duval) on 11 March during an Eastern Whip-poor-will stakeout.

Up to 135 breeding plumaged American Avocets were recorded in the Timucaun Preserve (Duval) on 20 April. Marbled Godwits continue to be very scarce in the last two years in Duval County; just a single bird was reported from Huguenot Memorial Park on 10 April.

Stilt Sandpipers can be challenging to find, but this year reports from GTM NERR (20 March), Six Mile Landing (St. Johns) on 12 April, and within the Timucaun Preserve (23 April) represented them well. A single report of White-rumped Sandpiper came from Anastasia SP (St. Johns) on 1 May, and just one Pectoral Sandpiper was reported in the region from Six Mile Landing on 12 April.

Jaegers are not often reported in the spring season, and just a single Parasitic Jaeger was reported from the St. Augustine pier on 18 March.

On 18 March, two first cycle Iceland Gulls were reported at Huguenot Memorial Park. This observation coincided with a cool front that included constant and persistent rain throughout the area for two days. At least one of the Iceland Gulls remained throughout the end of the season, and there was an unconfirmed report that the other was injured and taken to BEAKS for rehabilitation.

A single Glaucous Gull was recorded at Huguenot on 6 April. Gull-billed Terns arrived on schedule the first week of April throughout the coastal areas of the region.

Eastern Whip-poor-wills are most easily found in northeast Florida from approximately 10-24 March, and this year was no exception in Duval County. On 11 March, two were recorded outside the gates at Kingsley Plantation (Duval), and over the next several nights they were reported from Theodore Roosevelt Area (Duval), Cedar Point Preserve (Duval), and Betz Tiger Point Preserve (Duval).

The Cassin’s Kingbird in Flagler County remained through at least 12 March. An early arrival of Eastern Kingbird on 4 March was noted in Baker County.

Two Florida Scrub-Jays were recorded in Palm Coast (Flagler) on 24 May.

Five species of thrushes were reported in the area this season, which is a rather surprising number considering many of the species are much more of a fall migrant. The five species reported were Veery, Gray-cheeked, Hermit, Swainson’s and Wood Thrush; the latter two being recorded on 23 and 24 April at Theodore Roosevelt Preserve (Duval).

There have been several reports of American Robin nesting again in the region this year, with a successful pair recorded in St. Augustine and in west Jacksonville.

The three Snow Buntings from the previous season at Huguenot Memorial Park were recorded on 1 March and were not recorded after that.

A very respectable 29 species of warbler were reported in the region this season, matching last year’s tally precisely. There were several reports of rare-in-spring species such as Bay-breasted and Chestnut-sided. The peak seems to have been from 22-26 April, with the most variety occurring during that window.

Blue-winged Warblers were reported from Kingsley Plantation (19 April) and Vail Point Park (St. Johns) on 23 April, where the season’s only Kentucky Warbler was also observed.

A lone Magnolia Warbler came from the GTM NERR on 22 April. Two days later the same area produced the only Bay-breasted Warbler and the only Chestnut-sided on a single outing. One Yellow Warbler was reported from Arlington (Duval) on 25 April.

A Swainson’s Warbler was reported at Nocatee Preserve (St. Johns) on 7 April. More of a fall migrant, two Black-throated Green Warblers were reported at Little Talbot Island SP on 3 May.

Bachman’s Sparrows were recorded singing on territory in the Julington Creek area (Duval) on 23 March and in the Simmons State Forest (Nassau) on 22 March. A single Clay-colored Sparrow was reported at Fort Clinch SP on 31 March.

Grasshopper Sparrows were reported at Durbin Preserve (Duval) on 23 March and from Fort Clinch SP on 6 May.

A Western Tanager visited a feeder in Jacksonville on 9 March.

Rose-breasted Grosbeaks showed well throughout the region this season, with up to 5 males being seen in a single tree at Reddie Point Preserve (Duval) from 19-23 April.

Bobolinks moved through on schedule the last week of April, and 62 (mostly males) were reported at Sheffield Park (Duval) on 26 April next to the athletic fields.

A late American Goldfinch was reported from Faver Dykes SP (St. Johns) on 22 May.

Kevin Dailey

12 July 2014